Theories and principles of agricultural production with resects to resource use, resource allocation, resource and product/enterprise combination form of production functions and characteristics; response analysis; measurement of resource productivity.
The decision making process; depreciation techniques asset fixity; kinds and functions of farm records and accounts; basic principles of accounting, farm records and inventory, the balance sheet, journal and ledger. Profit and loss statement preparation, adjusting entries, problems of organizing and managing farms, linear programming.
Concepts, theories, principles and guidelines of administration organization, supervision; budget development and fiscal control. Importance of Programme planning in agricultural extension need, educative objective, leaning experience clientele participation, plan of work, and calendar of work. The role of good public relations, good leadership and cooperation for an extension worker. Association and cooperatives. Concepts of evaluation applied to agricultural extension Programme.
AFM 620 Horticultural Crop Production
History, definition, classification and importance of vegetable crops. Ecological distribution of vegetables and fruits in Nigeria. Varieties and adaptation of exotic vegetables and fruits to the Nigerian environment. Types and systems of vegetable and fruit production, production practices, harvesting, ha
ndling, processing, storage marketing and utilization of vegetables and tropical fruit crops. Methods of plant propagation, Nursery systems, diseases and pests of vegetables and fruit crops. Horticultural machines and equipment. Principles of production planting, maintaining ornamental trees, shrubs, perennials and fruits in the nursery, home and parks.
AFM 621 Post – Harvest Physiology and Product Storage
Storage life and harvested fruits, seeds, vegetables and flowers; tropical environment in relation to maturity, ripeness and senescence. Physical and chemical indices of quality in fruits, seeds, vegetables, flowers and other crop products. Storage of crop materials. Traditional methods of vegetable processing and storage. Fundamentals and principles of crop storage and transportation. storages and shelf life problems; ideal atmosphere for storing fruits, seeds, vegetables, flowers and other crop products. Controlled environments for transit and long term storage protective treatment, design and operation of equipment for storage and preservation.
Fertility in tropical soils. Soil organic matter; its properties and maintenance lining and its soil-plant relationships; nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus and sulphur contents of soil. The soil as a plant nutrition medium fertilizers and fertilizer management-their manufacture sources, applications, methods, rates and timing; handling and storage fertilizers. Crop growth and response to soil nutrients; major secondary and trace elements in crop nutrition; nutrient absorption, maintenance and loss in soil fertility in extensive and intensive agriculture. Role of legume in soils.
AFM 623 Field Crops Production
Advanced treatment in soil and climatic requirements, growth requirements, fertilizer use, weed control and water sue, improved varieties, production practices, diseases and pests, harvesting, handling processing, storage, marketing and utilization of field crops; cereals root, tubers, fibre, legumes sugar crops etc. management and field production of field crops.
The market and marketing process, definition of market and marketing, marketing functions, marketing agencies (institutions). The marketing system. The theoretical concept of market structure, conduct and performance, marketing channels. Commodity marketing problems, credit, marketing, fruit and vegetable marketing, cotton marketing, livestock marketing, market for agricultural inputs. Approaches used in analysis marketing problems; functional institutional, behavioural and economical price determination. A view of demand and supply concept, equilibrium price, price determination under different market models. Price variation over space and time. Price discovery. Introduction to empirical price analysis. International trade in agricultural commodities.
Introduction of project appraisal. Theory, procedure and data requirements for appraisal and evaluation of agricultural projects and project appraisal cost-benefit analysis; rate of return calculations. Cash flow procedures. Farm and other resource valuation. Case studies and practical problems of project evaluation in developing countries.
Evaluation of co-operatives – especially farmer, marketing and purchasing cooperatives, cooperative as a form of business; purpose and advantage of cooperatives to agriculture; comparison of other business with cooperative business; principles and operating techniques essential for successful cooperation activity; limitations and possibilities for cooperatives in Nigeria; management of cooperatives.
Introduction of project appraisal. Theory, procedure and data requirements for appraisal and evaluation of agricultural projects and programmes; project identification; tools of project analysis. The arithmetic of project appraisal cost-benefit analysis; rate of return calculations. Cash flow procedures. Farm and other resource valuation. Case studies and practical problems of project evaluation in developing countries.
AFM 628 Project (Thesis/Dissertation)
Each sudent in the final year is expected to carry out a research project under supervision.
Presentation and discussion of various tropics in Agricultural Economic and Extension. (The student is expected to prepare and participate in a seminar and present a seminar in the final year.
ACADEMIC STAFF LIST DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND EXTENSION
- Aliyu Bakari
- Chukudi G. Michael
- Nicholas O. Nemessan
- Jandon Elias