M.Sc. & Ph.D Plant Breeding

GENERAL COURSE REQUIREMENTS

Normally a total of 12-18 credit hours per semester shall be taken by postgraduate students in the department. Some of these credit units shall be for research.

 

COURSES IN GENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING:

The course work for the award of higher degrees is as follows:-

Course Code Title    Credits
ACP 600 M. Sc. Thesis Research 20
ACP 700 Ph.D. Thesis Research 60
ACY 701 Seminar 2-3
AGY 700 Statistical Methods 3
AGY 701 Experimental Design 3
AGY 702 Research Methodology (formerly ACP610 & ASS 610)            2
ACP 704 Advanced Plant Breeding and Genetics 3
ACP 712 Advanced Crop Physiology 3
ACP 718/722 Fortran Programming 3
  AGB 702 Plant Genetics, Resources and Germplasm 3
AGB 703 Population Genetics 3
AGB 704/AAP716 Quantitative Genetics 3
AGB 705 Advanced Cytogenetics 3
AGB 706 Evaluation and Systematics 3
AGB 707 Breeding Self-Pollinated Species of Field Crops 2
AGB 708 Breeding Cross-pollinated Species of Field Crops 2
AGB 709 Breeding for Disease Resistance 2
AGB 711 Breeding for quality Traits 1
AGB 712 Mutation Breeding 2
AGB 713 Biometrical Approach to Plant Breeding 3
AGB 714 Plant Growth Regulators 2
AGB 715 Plant Tissues Culture and Regeneration 2
AGB 717 Advances in Genetic and Plant Breeding 2
AGB 721 Seed Production Technology 2
AGB 706 Molecular aspects and Plant Breeding 2

 

Mandatory Courses

The following courses are compulsory for every postgraduate student registered for the M.Sc. or Ph.D. degree programme.

Course Code Title Credits
ACP 700 M. Sc. Thesis Research 4
ACP 700 Ph.D. Thesis Research 5
ACP 701 Seminar 2
AGR 700 Statistical Methods 3
AGR 701 Experimental Design 3
AGR 702 Research Methodology 3

Core Courses

In addition to the mandatory courses listed above, the following core courses shall be taken for M.Sc. or Ph.D. degrees in Genetics and Plant Breeding.

Course Code Title Credits
ACP 704 Advanced plant Breeding and Genetics 3
AGB 704 Quantitative Genetics 3
AGB 707 Breeding Self-Pollinated Species of Field Crops 2
AGB 708 Breeding Cross-pollinated Species of Field Crops 2
AGB 709 Breeding for Disease Resistance 2
AGB 717 Advances in Genetic and Plant Breeding 2

 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES IN GENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING PROGRAMME

AGB 600/700             M. Sc./PhD. Thesis Research (20/60 Credits)

Candidates shall be required to carry out research work in the area of interest of relevance problems of crop improvement and production in Nigeria.

 

 

 

AGB 701 M.Sc./PhD. Seminar (2/3 Credits)

See Agronomy Programme

 

AGB 700 Statistical Methods (3 Credits)

See Animal Production Programme

 

AGR 701 Experimental Design (3 Credits)

See Animal Production Programme

 

AGR 702 Research Methodology (2 Credits)

See ACP 610 of Agronomy Programme.

 

ACP 702 Crop Physiology and Biochemistry ( 3 Credits)

See Agronomy Programme

 

ACP 704 Advanced Plant Breeding & Genetics (3 Credits)

See Agronomy Programme.

 

ACP 706 Advanced Plant Ecology and Climatology (3 Credits)

See Agronomy Programme.

 

ACP 711 Environmental Crop Physiology (3 Credits)

See Agronomy Programme.

 

ACP 712 Advanced Crop Physiology (3 Credits)

See Agronomy Programme.

 

ACP 716 Mineral Nutrition of Crops (2 Credits)

See Agronomy Programme.

 

ACP 717 Element of Mathematics (3 Credits)

See AAP 619 of Animal Production Programme.

 

ACP 718 Fortran Programming (3 Credits)

See AAP 622 of Animal Production Programme.

 

ACP 721 Advanced Plant Pathology and Nematology (4 Credits)

See Agronomy Programme.

 

ACP 722 General Biochemistry II (3 Credits)

See AAP 621 of Animal Production Programme.

 

AGB 702 Plant Genetics (3 Credits)

Concepts and application of basic genetic principles in higher plants. Discussion of Mendel’s papers; sex determination and differentiation, concepts of inheritance, extra chromosomal inheritance; a brief account of recombination in micro organisms; measurement of linkage, mapping, aneuploid analysis gene transfer and estimation of genetic parameters for quantitative characters. Semitic cell genetics and genetic engineering.

 

AGB 703 Population Genetics (3 Credits)

Population and role of population genetics, hardy-Weinberg law and forces influencing gene frequencies (selection, mutation, migration, population size, gene conversion, meiotic drive). Genetic loads and cost of natural selection; electrophoretic variants of protein in the study of population genetics; equilibrium under selfing and random mating combined; mating systems and their genetic consequences. Fisher’s theorem of natural selection. Population dynamics; polymorphism, genetics distance, polygenes and continuous variations; causal components of variation; correlation between relations; parent off spring regression; theory of path coefficient applied to population genetics.

 

AGB 704 Quantitative Genetics (3 Credits)

As in AAP 616 of Animal Production Programme.

 

AGB 705 Cytogenetics (3 Credits)

Chromosome structure and mechanics; organization and functions of cell components; chemistry and ultrastructure of chromosome, structure and physiology of special types of chromosome, cell division, spindle apparatus, theories of synopsis and chromosomal movements; cytological basis of linkage and crossing over; chromosome theory of inheritance; numerical and structural changes in chromosomes and implication in crop improvement and evolution. Cytotaxonomy and karyotypic analysis of eukaryotes.

 

AGB 706 Evolution and Systematics (3 Credits)

Evidences and theories of evolution, species-concept and definition; forces of evolution, mutation, recombination, selection; genetic drift and population size, speciation; reproductive isolating mechanisms; intro-grassive hybridization; chemical evolution and the origin of life.

 

AGB 707 Breeding Self-Pollinated Species of Field Crop (2 Credits)

Discussion of breeding and genetic theories and methods as applied to improvement of self-pollinated crop species. Selection methods; selection under self-pollination; consequences of hybridization.

 

AGB 708 Breeding Cross-pollinated Species of Field Crops (2 Credits)

Discussion of breeding theories and methods applied to cross-pollinated species. Selection in populations of cross-pollinated crops, Hardy-Weinberg law; responses to selection; mating systems and their genetic consequences; Heterosis; Inbreeding depression; systems of pollination control.

 

AGB 709 Breeding for Disease Resistance (2 Credits)

Importance of resistance breeding in crop plants, the concept of disease; relationship of disease components – susceptibility, tolerance, escape; pathogenecity; nature and mechanisms of resistance to diseases; genetic variability in pathogens; genetics of host-parasite relationship; Floe’s gene-for-gene theory; vertical and horizontal resistance; methods of using disease resistance in crop production.

 

AGB 710 Insect Control by Host Plant Resistance (2 Credits)

Importance of breeding crop plants with insect resistance; nature of insect resistance; antibiosis Non-preference, Antixenosis; Resistance of varieties of crop plants to insect attack and utilization in insect control; insect habits and physiology in relation to the cause of resistance methods of breeding resistant crop varieties.

 

 

AGB 711 Breeding for Quality Traits (2 Credits)

Importance of quality traits; quality analysis standards and prediction tests; inheritance of quality traits and their relationships with other characters; breeding methods for improvement of quality traits with particular reference to cereal, tuber crops and forages.

 

AGB 712 Mutation Breeding (2 Credits)

Nature of mutation-spontaneous and induced; classification of mutations; chemical and physical mutagens and their modes of action, mutation induction; mutation rates and the different biological and environmental parameters affecting their frequency; mutation breeding scope, problems, methods.

 

AGB 713 Biometrical Approach to Plant Breeding (3 Credits)

Foundation of biometrical concepts; continuous variation its nature and origin; polygene concepts; scales and transformation; introductory matrix algebra; components of means and variance; habitability; prediction of response; mating designs; combining ability – line and tester and diallel analysis; genotype and environment interaction and stability; genotypic; and phenotypic correlations, prediction of correlated response, linear and multiple regression; path coefficients and discriminated functions in plant selection; augmented design in plant breeding.

 

AGB 714 Plant Growth Regulators (2 Credits)

A study of the synthetic plant regulators used to initiate, induce, promote, inhibit or alter characteristics of crop plants, kinds and types of exogenous plant regulator used on crop plants; their activities, responses, benefits and problems, and application technology.

 

AGB 715 Plant Tissue Culture and Regeneration (2 Credits)

Media for callus induction, embryogenesis and organogenesis; genetics of regeneration, isolation enzymes; variations, methods, selection systems, identification of hybrids and cybrids, and problems of protoplast fusion. DNA uptake.

 

AGB 716 Topics in Crop Physiology and Ecology (2 Credits)

Discussion and lectures on important papers and distribution in these fields.

 

AGB 717 Topics in Genetics’ and Plant Breading (2 Credits)

Discussion and lectures on important papers and contributions in these fields.