M.Sc. & Ph.D Crop Production

The Agronomy programme shall offer the M. Sc. and Ph.D. degree in Crop Production.

 

COURSES IN CROP PRODUCTION:

Course Code Title    Credits
ACP 700 M. Sc. Thesis Research 20
ACP 800 Ph.D. Thesis Research 60
ACP 701 Seminar 2-3
AGY 700 Statistical Methods 3
AGY 701 Experimental Design 3
ACP 702 Crop Physiology and Biochemistry 3
ACP 703 Weed Ecology and Control 3
ACP 704 Advanced Plant Breeding and Genetics 3
ACP 705 Irrigation Agronomy 2
ACP 706 Advanced Crop Ecology and Climatology 3
ACP 707 Crop Production I: Cereal, Pulses and Oilseeds, Fibres,

Roots and Tubers

2
ACP 708 Crop Production II: Vegetables, Fruits and Plantation Crop 2
ACP 709 Soil Fertility and Fertilizer Use 3
AGY 710 Research Methodology 2
ACP 711 Environmental Crop Physiology 3
ACP 712 Advanced Plant Physiology 3
ACP 713 Farming System 2
ACP 714 Advances in Agronomy 3
ACP 715 Landscape Gardening and Floriculture 2
ACP 716 Mineral Nutrition of Crops 2
ACP 717 Soil Microbiology 2
ACP 718 Soil – Water – Plant Relations 3
ACP 719 Soil and Plant Analysis 3
ACP 720 Insect Ecology and Pest Management 3
ACP 721 Advanced Plant Pathology and Nematology 4
ACP 722 Advanced Farm management 3
ACP 725 Soil and Water Conservation Practices 3
ACP 726 Agricultural Machinery Operation and Maintenance 4
Mandatory Courses

The following credit courses must be taken by every postgraduate student registered for the M.Sc. or Ph.D. degree in the Crop Production Programme.

Course Code Title Credits
ACP 700 M. Sc. Thesis Research 4
ACP 800 Ph.D. Thesis Research 6
ACP 701 Seminar 2
AGY 700 Statistical Methods 3
AGY 701 Experimental Design 3

 

In addition to the above, the following Core courses shall be taken for the M.Sc. or Ph.D. in Crop Production.

Course Code Title Credits
ACP 702 Crop Physiology and Biochemistry 3
ACP 703 Weed Ecology and Control 3
ACP 704 Advanced Plant Breeding and Genetics 3
ACP 705 Irrigation Agronomy 2
ACP 706 Advanced Crop Ecology and Climatology 3
ACP 707 Crop Production I: Cereal, Pulses and Oilseeds, Fibres,

Roots and Tubers

2
ACP 708 Crop Production II: Vegetables, Fruits and Plantation Crop 2
ACP 709 Soil Fertility and Fertilizer Use 3
ACP 710 Research Methodology 2

 

 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSE IN CROP PRODUCTION

ACP 700/700 M.Sc./PhD. Thesis Research 20/60 Credits

Each candidate shall normally be required to carry out research work in the area of interest and relevance to the problems of soil in Nigeria.

 

ACP 701 M. Sc./PhD. Seminar 2-3 Credits

Each candidate shall normally be required to deliver at least two seminars for the M.Sc. degree and at least four seminars for the Ph.D. degree at any convenient time during the period of study. As much as possible one of the seminar should be related to the candidate’s general area of study and the other based on the candidate’s thesis research work.

 

AGY 700 Statistical Methods (3 credit)

Refer to Animal production Programme courses contents

 

AGY 701 Experimental Design (3 credits)

Refer to animal Production Programme course contents

 

ACP 702 Crop Physiology and Biochemistry (3 Credits)

Principles of yield potential; growth analysis in relation to crop yield, quantitative agro-biological principles; mineral nutrition of crop plants; concept of essentiality; photosynthesis in relation to crop productivity; plant architecture; canopy structure; partition of photosynthesis; source sink relationship; harvest index.

 

ACP 703 Weed Ecology and Control (3 Credits)

Ecology and biology of important weeds, methods of species perpetuation, reproduction, vegetative propagation and dispersal; weed crop association, effects on growth and yield, competition for nutrients, moisture, and light; weed spectrum/community under different ecological zones; effects of herbicides on ecosystem; evaluation of major ecological factors involved in use of herbicides, weed control in important crops of Nigeria; aquatic weeds and their control; obnoxious weeds.

 

ACP 704 Advanced Plant Breeding and Genetics (3 Credits)

Historical development of plant breeding concepts and methods, effects of heterosis, inbreeding, hybridization and selection. Improvement of self and cross-pollinated crops. Importance of polyploidy in plants; detailed study of some relationships, genetic recombination, mutation, heterosis, quantitative inheritance, heritability selection, and self-incompatibility systems in relation to genetic principles.

 

ACP 705 Irrigation Agronomy (2 Credits)

Water, its role in the physiology of crops, leaf water potential and its relation to the physical environment of crops; moisture stress in relation to critical stages of crop growth; irrigation systems and their efficiencies, management of crops under limited soil moisture; crop soil and climate as basis for predicting irrigation needs; evaluation of land for irrigation; drainage; objectives and implementation; agronomic management of saline, alkali and acidic soils.

 

ACP 706 Advanced Crop Ecology and Climatology (3 Credits)

Crop and its interaction with environment; ecological classification of crop plants; the tropical environment; spatial and seasonal variation in temperature; day length, radiation, rainfall and potential evaporation using examples from Nigeria; the adaptation and distribution of crops to different climatic regions, temperature limits; rainfall and day length requirements; plant population dynamics and its application to crops; plant competition including models application to sole crops and mixed crops. Meteorological factors affecting crop plants. Microclimatic influences on plant growth.

 

ACP 707 Crop Production I: Cereal, Pulses and Oilseeds, Fibres Roots and Tubers (2 Credit)

Origin and distribution of major cereals, pulses, and oilseeds, soils and climate; cultivation practices in Nigeria and elsewhere; improved cultivars; seeds and sowing; manures and fertilizer; irrigation; drainages; weed control and crop protection practices; harvesting and processing; uses and quality aspects of major crops of each group.

 

ACP 708 Crop Production II: Vegetable, Fruits and Plantation Crops (2 Credits)

Origin and distribution of major vegetable, fruits and plantation crops including economic fruit trees peculiar to the savannahs of Nigeria, soils and climate, nursery management; cultivation practices in Nigeria.

 

ACP 709 Soil Fertility and Fertilizer Use (3 Credits)

Appliation of the principles of soil science to plant nutrition; forms of essential elements in soils; their reactions in soils and roles in crop nutrition; nutrient deficiency and availability in soils; soil tests; calibration and fertilizer application. Crop response to fertilizer use; types of response functions; optimum rate for maximum economics yield, crop response to fertilizers over different ecological areas of Nigeria, fertilizers: their application, sources, methods, rates and timings, liming and its objectives, organic matter and green manuring.

 

ASS 710/ACP 710 Research Methodology (2 credits)

Research procedure; sampling techniques, questionnaire designs and interviews; data collection, computer programming, data analysis and interpretation; manuscript writing, graphics and presentation of results; efficient library usage and (personal) literature retrieval.

 

ACP 711 Environmental Crop Physiology (3 Credits)

Modern concepts and areas of research in plant physiology. Respiration, photosynthesis, plant water relations with emphasis on water movement through the plant, special aspect of transpiration, development and significance of internal water deficiencies, drought resistance mechanisms. Stress physiology.

 

ACP 712 Advanced Plant Physiology (3 Credits)

Modern concepts and areas of research in plant physiology. Principles of Nitrogen metabolism, mineral nutrition, translocation, growth and development, growth substances and growth regulators.

 

ACP 713 Farming Systems (2 Credits)

Definition of farming systems, development from primitive food gathering to shifting cultivation to settled and high intensity farming; the place of livestock, farm planning and layout, and factors affecting them; interactions of crops and livestock, cropping systems and patterns; sources of power in farming systems; influence of the farming system in decision making and strategy; land tenure and farming systems; size of land holding and farming systems.

 

ACP 714 Advanced in Agronomy (3 Credits)

This is a course that would synthesize the recent advances and knowledge of agronomy in complete entirety. Instructors would surely depend on recent research publications in periodicals/journals. Students may be asked to consult recent articles, prepare a comprehensive report on particular topics, deliver seminar and discuss. Topics covered would be the one with special relevance to Nigerian Agriculture and/or tropical and subtropical agriculture.

 

ACP 715 Landscape Gardening and Floriculture (2 Credits)

Principles of landscape gardening; history, importance and use of gardens, plans, sketches and construction specifications of different landscape designs, description, characteristics and identification of various ornamental trees, shrubs, creepers, and annual flowers; practices of lifting and planting of ornamental plants; planning and maintenance of public parks, school and home compounds, maintenance of lawns; cut flowers and their significance; construction of greenhouses and glasshouse and control of their environment.

 

ACP 716 Mineral nutrition of Crops (2 Credits)

General aspects of mineral nutrition of crops; media of plant nutrition-hydroponics and nutrient solutions; the inorganic components of plants; symptoms identification and correction, deficiencies and tissue analysis; transport phenomena in plants, spontaneous and nonspontaneous transport processes (mass flow, diffusion and root interception); pathways of solute and water entry into plant cells, the energy cells and tissues; mechanisms of passive and active transport; the cell membrane structure and permeability; carriers, mechanisms of phloem transport; aspects of bioenergetics photosynthesis, respiration, metabolic coupling of active transport.

 

ACP 717 Soil Microbiology (2 Credits)

Study of soil micro-organisms; functions; forms and environmental organic matter decomposition and the carbon cycle; organic nitrogen transformation (P.S, Fe etc), laboratory exercises; advances in nitrogen fixation – the biology and biochemistry of nitrogen fixation with special reference to tropical ecosystems.

 

ASS 718/ACP 718 Water –Plant Relations (3 Credits)

Review of physics of soil water, water uptake by plant; water movement through the plant; water loss from the leaves; water stress and plant growth; soil water availability to plants; soil temperature and plant growth; soil aeration and plant growth; roots and root growth; nutrient transfer in the soil-plant system; root development; distribution and density.

 

ASS 719/ACP 719 Plant and Soil Analysis (2 Credits)

Sample collection and preparation; determination of soil pH; estimation of soluble and exchangeable ions; determination of exchangeable acidity and cation-exchange capacity; estimation of total N,P,K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, Cu, Bo, and Mn, use of soil and plant analysis in soil fertility evaluation. (Note: this is a purely laboratory course).

 

ACP 720 Insect Ecology and Pest Management (3 Credits)

Basic ecological concepts. Physical and biotic factors affecting abundance and distribution of insects. Population dynamics. Applied insect ecology, natural and biological control; definition and basic principles of integrated control. The effects of farming practices on pest incidence and crop loss. Methods of insect control and reduction of crop loss by non-chemical intervention. Effect of chemicals on target and non-target populations. Persistence and development of resistance. Toxicity of chemicals of man and their effects on environment. Evaluation of insect control programmes.

 

ACP 721 Advanced Plant Pathology and Nematology (4 Credits)

Taxonomy of fungal, bacterial and other plant pathogenic organisms; morphology and physiology of plant pathogenic organisms; variability and physiological specialization of fungal pathogens (including causes of variability); heterothallism, homothallism, heterokaryosis, saltation, parasexuality, mutation, hybridization, adaptation and eytoplasmic variation in fungal pathogens. Fungal nutrition and parasitism (including nature, origin, evaluation and types of parasitism); bacterial entry into plants and multiplication in vivo (enzymes and toxins included); survival of pathogenic bacteria on plant surfaces; methods of transmission of plant viruses (including infection, replication and production of strains); plant diseases of major crops; introduction to methods of assessment of losses due to plant pathogens.

Taxonomy, morphology, and life cycle of the most important plant parasitic nematodes; symptoms caused by plant parasitic nematodes on crops and methods of control; samples taking and processing, and recognition of some important nematode genera under low power, introduction to methods of assessment of crop losses due to plant parasitic nematodes.

 

ACP 722 Advanced Farm Management (3 Credits)

Economic principles and techniques of crop and livestock management. Determination of farm resources, and farm decision making with due regard to risk and uncertainty. Farm management of small and large scale farm enterprises. Linear and dynamic programming, budgetary control and labour planning. Farmers’ attitude to agricultural investments. Application of farm management techniques to real-life agriculture problems.

 

ACP 725 Soil and Water Conservation Practices (3 Credits)

The hydrological cycle; rainfall run-off relationships; structural conservation practices for conserving water and controlling erosions; drainage of agricultural lands.

 

ACP 726 undeveloped Machinery Operation and Maintenance (4 Credits)

Emphasis would be placed on machine operation, calibration, tillage, planting, spraying, harvesting, processing and storage orange and crop residue handling systems; machinery selection, operation and maintenance