M.Sc Agricultural Extension


The following core courses are normally available:

Course No. Title of Courses Credit Units
L+P     T
AGR-600: Statistical Methods 3+0 =   3
AEX-601: Advanced Rural Sociology 3+0 =   3
AEX-602: Methods of Social Research and Statistics for Social Scientists  

2+1 =   3

AEX:603: Agricultural Extension Administration

and Supervision

3+0 =   3
AEX-604: Communication and Teaching Methods

In Extension

3+0 =   3
AEX-605: Comparative Extension Systems 3+0 =   3         

In addition the following two courses are compulsory for PhD candidates in Agricultural Extension.

AExX702: Comparative Rural Social Systems 3+0 =   3
AEX-704: Research Methodology 3+0 =   3


Supporting Courses

The supporting courses listed below are available. Additional supporting courses will be added as the need arises.

Course No. Title of Courses         Credit Units
L+P     T
AEX-606 Structure and Dynamics of Rural Societies 3+0 =   3
AEX-607 Rural Development: Theory and



2+1 =   3

AEX-608 Agricultural Extension Programme

Planning and Evaluation


3+0 =   3

AEX-609 Agrarian Systems and Social



3+0 =   3

AEX-610 Leadership for Social Change 3+0 =   3
AEX-611 Patterns of Rural Stratification 3+0 =   3
AEX-612 Technological Change in Rural



3+0 =   3

AEX-613 Application of Sociology to Rural


3+0 =   3
AEX-614 Independent Study 1+2 =   3
AEX-701 Mathematical Economics 2+1 =   3
AEX-703 Advanced Statistics 2+1 =   3
AEE-705 Intermediate Sociological Theory 3+0 =   3
AEX-706 Design and Administration of Training

Programmes in Extension


2+1 =   3



AGR-600 Statistical Method (3 Credit Units)

Review of scientific methods and statistical concepts. Hypothesis testing analysis of variance (Model I, II and mixed model). Regression and correlation analysis. Analysis of covariance.


AEX-601 Advanced Rural Sociology (3 Semester Credit Units)

General sociological theory, analysis of rural social systems and the relation of the individual to his social environment with reference to group processes, inter-action, social structure and attitudes.


AEX-602 Methods of Social Research and Statistics for Social Scientists (3 Semester Credit Units)

Scientific methods and their application in the analysis of society; procedure in testing social theory, problem definition, hypotheses construction, collection and evaluation of data; estimation and tests of hypotheses, regression and correlation and the analysis of contingency tables.




AEX-603 Agricultural Extension Administration and Supervision (3 Semester Credit Units)

Basic concepts of administration, organization and supervision; theories of administration; principles of administration and supervision; agricultural administration under different agrarian systems; research administration, personnel management, financial management and control, organization and administration of agriculture (research, extension and training) in Nigeria from historical perspectives; co-ordination of agricultural extension programmes with other rural development programmes, practical problems of organization and administration of agricultural extension in Nigeria.

Case studies of MANR, ADPs, RBDAs, Private Agricultural Extension (e.g. NTC, Shell etc), Farmers’ Co-operative Extension, Agricultural Development Corporations, University Agricultural Extension etc.


AEX-604 Communication and Teaching Methods in Extension (3 Credit Units)

Management of extension systems with emphasis on extension teaching and communication. Theoretical models of communication and their application to extension teaching. Principles and processes of communication, comparative analysis of various extension teaching methods and their relevance to extension within Nigeria. Nature and channels of communication within the extension organizations and research systems.


AEX-605 Comparative Extension Systems (3 Semester Credit Units)

The history, organization and administration of agricultural extension in Nigeria, analysis of comparative extension services found in selected countries. Characteristics of different approaches – Scheme commodity approach, technical change approach, target category approach, functional group approach, farmers’ organization approach, etc.


AEX-606 Structure and Dynamics of Rural Societies (3 Semester Credit Units)

Examination of the ecological, institutional, organizational and social differentiation approaches to the study of social structure; selected theories of social change; process of planned change and the concept of technology transfer.


AEX-607 Rural Development: Theory and Practice (3 Semester Credit Units)

Sociological study of the role of rural and agricultural development in the national development of the third world countries. Strategies and models of rural development will be examined with special emphasis placed on the processes of social, economic and political integration of rural areas into the organization life of national society. Examination of institutional and infrastructural development in the context of rural problem and the social development of rural areas. Analysis of special rural development programmes in Nigeria.


AEX-608 Agricultural Extension Programme Planning and Evaluation (3 Semester Credit Units)

Conceptual framework for planning socio-economic and educational programmes; programme planning models (process) programme planning and change – planned and unplanned changes; top-down versus grassroots (clientele participation) planning; administrative procedures for extension programme planning and evaluation in Nigeria; the concept of programme evaluation process and techniques; practical problems in extension programme planning and evaluation. Case studies and discussion.




AEX-69          Agrarian Systems and Social Movements (3 Semester Credit Units)

Comparative examination of the nature and structure of different agrarian systems in terms of land tenure, patterns, social structure, production organization and population composition; also how certain types of social movements affect the structure of agrarian communities and how the agrarian structure itself determines or influences the course of social movements.


AEX-610 Leadership for Social Change (3 Semester Credit Units)

Effective leadership roles and relationships in small groups and community settings, analyses of process of leadership development with specific reference to principles applicable to discovering and educating potential lay leaders for social change and evaluating leadership development programme.


AEX-611 Pattern of Rural Stratification (3 Semester Credit Units)

Nature and dimensions of inequalities in rural societies with particular reference to Nigerian situation. Approaches to the study of inequality-class, status and power. Impact of stratification on agricultural development process.


AEX-612 Technological Change in Rural Societies (3 Semester Credit Units)

Theories and processes of diffusion of innovations; the concept of appropriate technology, its development and preconditions.


AEX-613 Application of Sociology to Rural Problems (3 Semester Credit Units)

Application of sociological, anthropological and social psychological concepts and methods to the problems of institutions and agencies concerned with rural development work. Special emphasis is placed on programmes for agricultural extension, social and cultural factors affecting rural extension work; introducing and inducing change in rural area.



AEX-614 Independent Study (3 Semester Credit Units)

Research problems other than thesis. Specific issues on agricultural extension and/or rural sociology in Nigeria, Literature review and presentation, in a seminar, under supervision and evaluation of a departmental faculty staff.


AEX-701 Mathematical Economics (3 Semester Credit Units) Same as AEE 701.


AEX-702 Comparative Social Systems (3 Semester Credit Units)

Analysis of selected developing societies in regard to modernization of agricultural and rural social institutions. Examination of strategies, impediments and problems in the modernization process, with reference to demographic, family, community and ideological structures. Also an examination of different sociological theories of development.


AEX-703 Advanced Statistics (3 Semester Credit Units)

Set and functions; probability distribution, hypotheses testing; experimental design and analysis of variance, Non-parametric methods, regression and correlation, algebra of dichotomous variables, path analysis, partial correlation coefficient.


AEX-704 Research Methodology (3 Semester Credit Units) Same as AEE 704.





AEX-705 Intermediate Sociological Theory (3 Semester Credit Units)

The nature of science and scientific evaluations; The meaning of sociological theory; How to study sociological theory; A survey of sociological theories; Pioneers of sociological theory; Angus counte, Herbert Spencer, Marx Evolutionary and non-evolutionary theories, Social Darwinism; Psychological evolutionism; organisms; Cooley; Thomas Pareto; Human ecology; Functional approach etc.The need for theory, functions and criteria of a good theory; Mass society, alienation and anomic values, roles and the socialization process, creativity and the individual; Role-perception and conflict; Attitudes and attitude change; cultural influences on perception and memory; Achievement motivation and economic behaviour; Groups and human societies, The polar typologies of Toennies Redfield and Parsons; The systems theory.


AEX-706 Design and Administration of Training Programme (3 Semester Credit Units)

Function status of training in organizations; Role of training specialists; Identification of training needs; Training in extension and types of training techniques; Administration of training function and evaluation of training programmes.



The core courses are normally taught in the first semester of each session to new entrants to the programme, while the supporting courses are offered from the second semester.



Early in a student’s graduate programme his supervisory committee, in consultation with the student, should work out a schedule of courses to be completed by the student during his graduate work. Such a schedule must be submitted to the Postgraduate Committee in the Department for consideration and approval.